In 1953, the Institute transcended its national horizon and became the accredited international training centre – the result of a cooperative effort between the Government of India on one hand and the WHO and UNICEF on the other. Thus, the Urban Health Centre at Chetla was ushered in as an urban practice field and international training centre particularly for Maternity and Child Health workers of the South East Asian countries. Accordingly, not only the section of Maternal Child Welfare has been expanded and other sections of the Institute have also been developed at an estimated cost of Rs.90 lakhs, spent over a period of 5 years and borne equally by UNICEF and the Government of India. In this project the collaboration of the Corporation of Calcutta has also been obtained. This centre has now both preventive and medical care service facilities and is serving not only as a field practice area for teaching and demonstration to the students the modern concept of an integrated urban health service based on family centred approach, but also provides real life exposure for research in urban public health practice.
This centre was established in 30th December 1955 as a result of the tripartite agreement between the Government of India, Government of West Bengal and Calcutta Municipal Corporation. Initially this centre was serving an area of 2.2 Sq. miles comprising the wards 71 & 72 of Calcutta Municipal Corporation with a population of 69000 (1958).Presently, these wards are remapped and now these wards are designated as ward 74 & 82 of Kolkata Municipal Corporation. Presently total service area is 3.9 Sq. KM with population of 1, 02,045 (2011). Recently, a slum located in KMC Ward 81 has been included in the service area. The UHU&TC serves vulnerable group of society residing predominantly in the slums which consists of about 38% of total population in 2016. Community services are catered through four service units (A, B,C& D). Family folders are maintained for 10,797 families consisting of the total population of 39,185 (2016).
Different categories of service providers include Officer in Charge, Public Health Specialists Microbiologist, General Duty Medical Officer, Statistician, PHN Supervisor, Public Health Nurse, Sister & Nurse, Health Assistant (F & M), Health Worker (F &M), Social worker / Field investigator, Lab Technician/ assistants, Pharmacists, Dietician and X- Ray Technician
The role of Urban Health Unit & Training Centre is to provide adequate and quality health care facilities to the beneficiaries. Though initially it was designed to deliver Maternity &Child Health Care only, gradually departments of other disciplines were also started in view to provide a complete package of coverage. Health promotional activities for the families include health education, home visits, and rehabilitation. Rehabilitative activities are undertaken for income generation to needy women of the area through a Charkha centre situated within the campus. This Charkha center runs in collaboration with West Bengal Khadi and Village Industry Board, Government of West Bengal.
Teaching/ training, research and health care services are provided through different academic units, primary health care clinic (OPD) and some specialized clinics as mentioned below:
- 1. Maternal & Child Health Unit
- 2. School Health Unit
- 3. Occupational Health Unit
- 4. Nutrition Unit
- 5. Epidemiology Unit
- 6. Health Education Unit
- 7. Tuberculosis Control Unit (RNTCP)
- 8. Malaria /Vector Borne disease Control Unit
- 9. Public Health Laboratory
- 1. Primary health care clinic
- 2. Lifestyle modification clinic (Health Promotion & Nutrition education clinic)
- 3. Adolescent friendly health clinic
- 4. Family welfare clinic
- 5. Psychiatric care clinic
- 6. Outreach clinic