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Department of Maternal and Child Health

Introduction

  1. AIIH & PH, Calcutta was established in 1932 with four sections, namely – Public Health Administration, Malariology & Rural Hygiene, Vital statistics & Epidemiology and Biochemistry & Nutrition.  Soon after the inception of institute – the Countess of Dufferin Fund, which had been working for the development of medical care of women & children, felt the need of developing and expanding the preventive & promotive aspects in this field of Public Health and accordingly the fifth section of the Institute in the name of “Maternal & Child Health” was created.
  2. This Department of Maternal and Child Health is concerned with Teaching, Training, Service delivery and Research in the delivery of health care to Mothers, Children and Adolescents within the framework of general and reproductive health services. Emphasis is given on teaching & training for the delivery of health services through integration of preventive, promotive, clinical and managerial skills. Obstetric and Paediatric wards and Adolescent health clinic of the neighbouring Medical Colleges and the Urban and the Rural health centres of AIIH&PH, Kolkata are extensively used for the practical / field-based hands-on-training in reproductive and child health, adolescent health and family welfare. The research activities of the department primarily focused on reproductive health, safe motherhood, child growth and development & health problems, adolescent health and various aspects of family welfare.
  3. In 1933, Diploma in Maternity and Child Welfare (DMCW) – postgraduate diploma course was started under “Faculty of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene” to equip women doctors in administrative and other service positions. Later on, in the year 1946 – 47, this post-graduate course was affiliated to University of Calcutta and it was made open to both male & female medical graduates.  At present the two-years – post-graduate Diploma in Maternity and Child Welfare (DMCW), a MCI recognized course is affiliated to West Bengal University of Health Sciences (WBUHS). This Post-graduate courseequips the medical graduates for administrative, clinical service & teaching positions and also to act as public health specialists and heath care providers in different aspects of Maternal and Child Health / Reproductive and Child Health in Govt. health services, teaching or non-teaching hospitals, health care delivery systems, non- government organizations etc.
  4. Since inception, more than 900 were qualified for  DMCW, two Medical graduates were awarded for Ph. D ( Med.) and a large no. of Medical Officers, Nursing Personnel, Health Workers, School Teachers etc.were trained in different aspects of Reproductive Health, Adolescent Health & Child Health.

Teaching Activities

Regular Course:
Diploma in Maternity and Child Welfare (DMCW) 
Duration:

2 years full time.

Level:

PG Diploma for MBBS Graduates.

Intake: 46
Objectives:

The course offers medical graduates a unique blend of knowledge and skills (including clinical skills) for prevention, promotion and treatment / management of common health problems of women and children at individual, family and community level and to manage primary health care delivery system as per national RCH Programme. Obstetric and Paediatric wards and Adolescent health clinic of the neighbouring Medical Colleges and the Urban and Rural Field Practice areas of the institute are extensively used for the clinical / field-based ‘hands-on-training’ in RCH, adolescent health & family welfare in DMCW Course.

Affiliation/Recognition:
  • The West Bengal University of Health Sciences (WBUHS).
  • MCI recognized
N.B: The department also participates in integrated teaching in other post-graduate courses of the Institute like MD (Community Medicine), MV (PH), M. Sc. (Nutrition), MPH, DPH, DIH, DHPE, Dip. Diet, PGDPHM and Superve  / Guide students in the field during rural and urban field training programs.

Short Courses/ Training Programmes

The department undertakes various training programmes in different aspects of MCH / RCH, Adolescent Health, etc.  Some of the recently conducted short term training courses are:

  • “Calcium Metabolism and Bone Health” for Medical Officers, Nursing Personnel and PG Students  of the institute
  • “Skill – based training on early detection of Cervical Cancer through use of low cost ‘Visual inspection by Acetic Acid (VIA)” method for doctors & nurses, health workers, community level link persons, NGO workers.
  • Training on “Adolescent Health issues” for school teachers, health workers.

 Research Activities (last five years):

  1. Baseline study on LBW, Birth preparedness and complication readiness in  the district of Puruliya, West Bengal
  2. Acted as ‘ Zonal Coordinator ’ for East Zone of India (West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa, Jharkhand) for conduction of  UNFPA- ICMR research Project  on – “ Assessment of Services for Prevention and Management of Infertility in the Primary Health Care System in India”
  3. Curricular Research Undertaken By Students Under Guidance of the Faculty Members:
  4. ‘A Study on Diabetes Mellitus among Adults in a Rural Community of Singur Block, Hooghly District, West Bengal’
  5. ‘A Cross-Sectional Study on Hypertension and its Risk Factors among Adult Population in a Rural Community of Singur Block, Hooghly District, West Bengal’
  6. ‘Study on Nutritional status and Dietary Practices of Pregnant Women Attending Out- Patient Department of a Hospital in Kolkata’
  7. ‘Study on Antenatal Care Coverage in a Rural Block of 24 Parganas(South) District of West Bengal with Special  Emphasis on Determinants of Time of Registration’
  8. ‘A Study on Assessment of Perception and Practices regarding Menstruation among School Going Adolescent Girls in Hooghly – Chinsura Municipality in  Hooghly District, West Bengal’
  9. ‘Assessment of Janani SuraksshyaYojana in Serampore Subdivision of Hooghly District, West Bengal’
  10. ‘Case –Control Study on risk   factors of Breast Cancer among  women attending a Tertiary Care Hospital in Kolkata.
  11. ‘Study on knowledge attitude  and practice about nutrition of swimmers’
  12. ‘A Study on Birth weights of Newborns delivered in a District Hospital of West Bengal’.
  13. ‘Study on Knowledge Attitude and Practices  of Mothers and Nutritional status of their  Pre-School Children(3-5 years) in a Nursery School of Ultadanga, Kolkata’

Present Services Activities:

  1. Community Health Services by Faculty / Medical Officers while guiding / supervising Students’ Field Trg. Programs like Community Diagnosis Program / Family Health Care Program etc.
  2. Clinic services on Obstetrics &Gynaecology and Paediatrics at UHC, Chetla & RHU&TC, Singur.

Other Activities:

  1. Acted as expert for validating research study tools of M.Sc (Nursing) students of College of Nursing,  Asia Heart Foundation
  2. Acted as one of the mentors in developing Operation Research Protocol on ‘Antenatal syphilis screening : Issues and Challenges’, conducted by Family Health International (FHI 360) at Kolkata.
  3. Performed EMR duties in the Disaster affected areas of Uttarakhand  and provided public health surveillance activities in  Dhuburi District of Assam for monitoring and supervision of public health activities at relief camps for displaced people.
  4. As Public Health Expert for containment measures during Bird-Flu occurrence in the state of West Bengal.
  5. Faculty members involved as Dean (Medical) , Chairperson & Members of diff. academic &administrative Committees.

Publication of faculties in indexed journals (last five years)

Books:

  1. Chaudhuri, R. N &  Sinha, R. N – Chapter in Text Book  “ Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illness ( Chapter 16 ) ”-  in the “Textbook of Community and Social Pediatrics’, 2nd Edition, 2008  – published by Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.,  New Delhi.
  2. Sinha, R. N & Chaudhuri – Chapter in Text Book -“Reproductive and Child Health Program ( Chapter 39 ) –  in the “Textbook of Community and Social Pediatrics’, 2nd Edition, 2008  – published by Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.,  New Delhi
  3. Sinha R.N., “ A Hand Book on Biostatistics”,   Contributed as a member of team of authors, published by Indian Association of Preventive & Social Medicine (WB Chapter),2008
  4. Chaudhuri, R. N ( 2008 ) – “ Foreword ” of A Handbook of Biostatistics , 1st Edition, Indian Association of Preventive and Social Medicine ( West Bengal Chapter )
  5. Chaudhuri , R.N (2000) – “ Occupational  Health  problems  among  Agricultural & Plantation  workers “ – Book entitled  “ Rural  development  – A  rotary  perspective” –   Published  by  Rotary  International  Dist  – 3140 .
Original Articles:
  1. Paul, B ; Saha, I ; Dasgupta, A ; Chaudhuri, R. N ( 2008 ) – “ A Study on Catch up Growth among Low Birth Weight Infants in an Urban Slum of Kolkata ” – Indian Journal of Public Health, Vol. 52 , No. 1 , 16.
  2. Biswas, R. ; Dasgupta, A. ; Sinha, R. N ; Chaudhuri, R. N ( 2008 ) – “ An Epidemiological Study of Low Birth Weight Newborns in the District of Puruliya, West Bengal ” – Indian Journal of Public Health, Vol. 52, No. 2, Page 65.
  3. Dey, I. ;   Chaudhuri, R. N  ( 2008 ) –  “ Gender Inequality in Nutritional Status among under five Children in a Village in Hooghly District, West Bengal ” –  Indian Journal of Public Health, Vol. 52, No. 4, Page 221.
  4. Paul, B ; Saha, I ; Roy, S ; Biswas, R. ; Chaudhuri, R. N ( 2009 ) – “ Maternal Determinants of Low Birth Weight in an Urban Slum of Kolkata, West Bengal ” – Indian Journal of Clinical Practice, Vol. 19, No. 10, 11.
  5. Paul, B ; Saha, I ; Mukherjee, A ; Roy, S ; Biswas, R ;  Chaudhuri, R. N (2011) – “ Growth Pattern of Preterm and IUGR Babies in an Urban Slum of Kolkata, West Bengal, India ” – Internet Journal of Medical Update, July  6(2) : 40 – 46
  6. Paul, B ;Saha, I ; Mukherjee, A ; Biswas, R ;  Roy, S ; Chaudhuri, R. N (2011) – “Morbidity Pattern of Low Birth Weight Infants in an Urban Slum of Kolkata, India ” – Journal of The Egyptian Public Health Association, 86 : 39 – 43
  7. Sinha R. N. , “Make Dementia a Public Health Priority in India”, (2011),- Indian Journal of Public Health, ( Editorial), Volume 55, April-June,2011
  8. Sinha  RN (as member of IPEN Study Group ), “ Injection Practices in India”, – WHO South East Asia Journal of Public Health 2012: 1(2):189-200
Review Articles
  1. Chaudhuri, R. N (2009) –  “ Prevention of Cancer ” {In Bengali} – Pari {Special  Issue on Cancer}, No. 8, January, Page 18.Dasgupta A, Sinha RN, Mitra K (2010)- “Anemia: A Silent Public Health Problem in West Bengal – Glimpses from the field”,  UNICEF, Kolkata August 2010
  2. Sinha R N., “Facing Challenges of Dementia Care in India”, Published in the Souvenir of Annual State Conference of Indian Association of Preventive & Social Medicine, (West Bengal Chapter).
Abstracts :
  1. Sengupta, B ;  Banerjee, B ; Dutt, D ; Chaudhuri, R. N ( 2008 ) – “ Prevalence of Anaemia among pregnant women in a rural area of Bengal ” – Proceedings of the 35th  Annual National Conference of Indian Association of Preventive & Social Medicine, P. 314.
  2. Datta, P. P  ;  Chaudhuri, R. N ( 2010 ) – “ A Study on Prevalence of Psychological Morbidity in a Rural Community in W.B ” – Proceedings of the 37th  National Annual Conference of Indian Association of Preventive & Social Medicine, P-09
  3. Ganguly, S ; Chakraborty, D ; Pramanick, S ; Chaudhuri, R. N. (2013) – “ A Retrospective Cohort Study on Protective Efficacy of IntrapartumNevirapine Prophylaxis in order to prevent Parent to Child transmission of HIV in W.B.” – Proceedings of South-East Asia Regional Public Health Conference and 57th All India Annual Conference of IPHA

Other Academic activities :

  1. Conducted University examinations for regular courses of the Institute  , acting as Convener , Centre-in-charge & Examiner
  2. Faculty Acted as  Thesis-Adjudicator for MD & Ph. D courses of  West Bengal University of Health  Sciences , GauhatiUniversity
  3. Faculty acted as Convener and Examiner for diff. PG , UG & Ph. D courses of West Bengal University of Health  Sciences , Calcutta University , GauhatiUniversity
  4. Faculty acted as ‘ Invited Speaker ’ in Technical Sessions  and  ‘ Chairperson  ’ for Paper Presentations – sessions in SE Asia Regional Public Health Conference ,  National  / State  Indian Public Health Association  Conferences , National  / State  Indian Association of Preventive & Social Medicine  Conferences.
  5. Acted as Resource Person in different workshops / Training programs conducted by diff. Institutes / Organisations
  6. Acted as Resource Person in the Short Course on Immunization for Health Workers and ASHAs, organized by Rural Health Unit & Training Center, AIIH & PH, Singur,

Other achievements/activities

  1. Since inception, more than 900 were qualified for PG Diploma, Diploma in Maternity and Child Welfare (DMCW) and a large no. of Medical Officers, Nursing Personnel, Health Workers, School Teachers etc. were trained in different aspects of Reproductive Health, Adolescent Health & Child Health.
  2. Awarded  Ph. D (Med.) for research study on ‘ Longitudinal Study of Infant Growth & Development and its Relation to Nutritional Status, Illness & Environment’
  3. Awarded  Ph. D (Med.) for research study on “ An Epidemiological Study of Certain Health Aspects of spontaneous and Induced Abortion in an Urban Area”
  4. WHO Fellowship Training Programme on “Adolescent Health Care” And
  5. “ Life Skill Education for Adolescent Health ” for Doctors , Nursing Personnel, Health educators /Teachers of different  organisations /institutions of India
  6. Prof. R. N. Sinha – Provided technical support to UNICEF, West Bengal to develop a concept note on the “Status of Anemia among Women and Children of West Bengal”.
  7. Prof. R. N. Sinha acted as one of the Mentors for the development of Operation Research Protocol on ‘Assessment of Antenatal Syphilis screening: Issues and challenges’ – in West Bengal – conducted by FHI 360 in Kolkata in September 2012.

Faculty/Medical Officer:

Sl. No.

Name

Designation Educational Qualification

Area of expertise if any

1.

Dr. R. N. Chaudhuri Director-Professor, Dean & Head of  the Department M.B.B.S., D.M.C.W., M.D. (SPM)

Demography, RCH / MCH, Adolescent Health, Occupational Health, Preventive Oncology

2.

Dr. R. N. Sinha

Professor

M.B.B.S., D.C.H.,    M.D. (S.P.M.)

RCH/ MCH, Research, Methodology, Nutrition, Adolescent Health

3.

Dr. Asim Sarkar

CMO(NFSG), Assistant Professor.

MBBS, MS(G&O)

Menstrual abnormalities during adolescence, Infective diseases of children, Ultrasound examination

4.

Dr. Madhumita Bhattacharyya

Asst. Prof & MO, MCH

 

MBBS, DMCW,

DCH, MD(Paediatrics)

 

 

Child Health & nutrition, Neonatal care & resuscitation, Adolescent health, School Health

 

5.

Dr. Snigdha Basu

MO, MCH

MBBS, DMCW

Mother & Child Health

All India Institute of Hygiene & Public Health